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Tabarruk


Seeking Blessings (Barakah) from the Traces of the Prophet


Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. May Allah raise the rank of our master Muhammad and
his Al and Companions and protect his nation from that which he fears for it. Thereafter: 



Allah, the Exalted, put a blessing in the self, doings, sayings, and traces of the Prophet, sallallahu
^alayhi wa sallam. The Companions, may Allah raise their ranks, used to seek blessings from the
traces of the Prophet during his lifetime and after his death. Following their example, Muslims of today
continue to do the same. There are several proofs that make us know that seeking benefit from the
traces of the Prophet (tabarruk) is permissible. 

Narrations from al-Bukhariyy and Muslim confirm that during the last Pilgrimage performed by the
Prophet (Hijjat-ul- Wada^), the Prophet distributed his shorn hair. The Prophet threw the pebbles at
Jamrat-ul-^Aqabah,slaughtered a sheep and distributed its meat among the poor, then shaved his
head. He shaved the right side of his head and gave his hair to Abu Talhah al-Ansariyy; then he
shaved the left side of his head, gave the hair to Abu Talhah,and told him to distribute it among the
people. Some received one hair, others two, and so on.

The Prophet personally handed some of his hair to people near him, including Umm Sulaym (one of
the female Companions) and Abu Talhah,for them to distribute among the people. In this way, the hair
of the Prophet was spread in the Muslim countries. The Prophet distributed his hair among the people
in order for them to seek blessings (barakah) from it. Likewise, the Prophet distributed his nail
clippings among the people, as stated by Imam Ahmad in his Musnad. These actions clearly indicate
the permissibility of seeking benefit from the traces of the Prophet. 

The Companions sought blessings from other traces of the Prophet as well. Imam Muslim related in his
Sahih that Asma', the daughter of Abu Bakr, showed some people an article of clothing (jubbah)
worn by the Prophet which had been at the house of her sister, ^A'ishah, the wife of the Prophet.
When ^A'ishah died, Asma' got the jubbah. The Companions sought the blessings from this jubbah of
the Prophet by using the water in which it had been soaked to treat the sick and cure his illness. 

At-Tabaraniyy and Imam Ahmad narrated from the route of Ibn Hudhaym that he went with his
grandfather, Hudhaym, to the Prophet. Hudhaym said to the Messenger of Allah: "I have sons and
grandsons, some of whom are pubescent and others still children." Motioning to the young child next to
him, he said: "This is the youngest." The Prophet brought this young child whose name was Handhalah
next to him, wiped on his head, and told him, "Barakallahu fik," which means: 'May Allah bless you.'
After that, people started to bring Handhalah a person with a swollen face or a sheep with a swollen
udder. Handhalah would place his hand on that part of his head the Prophet wiped, then touch the
swollen part and say "Bismillah," and the swelling would be cured. 

Ibn Abi Shaybah narrated with a sahih chain as judged by IbnHajar al-^Asqalaniyy that it was the
practice of the Companions in the masjid of the Prophet(Masjid an-Nabiyy) to place their hands on
the knob of the hand rail (rummanah) of the platform (minbar) where the Prophet used to place his
hand. There they would supplicate (make du^a)to Allah hoping Allah would answer their supplication
because they were placing their hands where the Prophet placed his while making their supplication.
This practice of the Companions clarifies two matters. The first is the permissibility of asking Allah for
things by the Prophet (tawassul)after his death since by their act the Companions were truly making
tawassul. Likewise it is permissible to ask Allah for things by other pious Muslims. The second is the
permissibility of seeking blessings (barakah) from the traces of the Prophet. 

The Tabi^in also used to seek blessings from the traces of the Prophet. Thabit al­Bunaniyy said he
used to go to Anas Ibn Malik--an honorable Companion--kiss his hands, and say: "These are hands
that touched the Prophet." He would kiss his eyes and say: "These are eyes that saw the Prophet." 

Iman Ahmad, Al-Hakim, and others narrated about Marwan Ibn al­Hakam--an unjust ruler--that he
once passed by the grave of the Prophet and saw a man with his cheek on the grave of the Prophet.
Marwan Ibn al-Hakamasked: "Do you know what you are doing?" Nearing the grave, Marwan Ibn
al-Hakam realized it was Abu Ayyub al-Ansariyy, one of the greatest companions of the Prophet. 

(Abu Ayub was one of the greatest Companions of the Prophet. He never neglected performing jihad--even as an old man. He went with one of the Muslim
armies at the time of Mu^awiyyah to liberate Constantinople. Despite his advanced age, he was patient on the hardship of the journey from Madinahto
surround Constantinople--where he eventually died. Prior to his death, he asked the Muslims to advance as far as possible and bury him in that
spot--which they did. The Muslim army that time was not successful in liberating Constantinople, and it remained in the hands of the kuffar who
themselves tended the grave of Abu Ayyubbecause of the barakah they saw there! After several hundred years, Constantinople was liberated by Muhammad
al-Fatih, the Ottoman. He wanted to know the location of the grave of Abu Ayyub which was no longer apparent since so many years had passed.
Muhammad al Fatih asked one of the pious shaykhs in his army if he knew the location of Abu Ayyub's grave. He answered Muhammad al Fatih by
recalling a light he had seen the previous evening coming from a specific location which went all the way up in the sky. The shaykh suggested digging
there might present the grave. They dug in that location until they uncovered a plate with a writing indicating this was the grave of Abu Ayub.
Muhammad al Fatih built a mosque (masjid) in that location that still exists until today in Istanbul, Turkey. There is a great feeling of barakah and
tranquillity there). 

Abu Ayyub al-Ansariyy replied, "Yes, I know what I am doing. I came here for the Messenger of
Allah--not for the stone." By this he meant he was seeking the blessings from the presence of the
Prophet, not for the stone covering his grave. Abu Ayyub al-Ansariyy continued his response with
what he heard the Messenger of Allah say: "Do not cry over the Religion of Islam if the rulers are
ruling correctly. Rather, cry over this Religion if the rulers are ruling incorrectly." By his response, Abu
Ayyub was telling MarwanIbn al-Hakam: "You are not one of those rulers who are correctly ruling by
the rules of Islam."

Considering the actions of Abu Ayyub,should one regard the statements of Ibn Taymiyah (Ibn
Taymiyah is a man who lived during the 8th century Hijriyy. He claimed that Allah is a body and has
limits, that Hellfire vanishes, and that the kind of the universe is not created by Allah, among other
blasphemous claims.)who claims visiting the grave of the Prophet seeking the benefit is prohibited?
Who is more knowledgeable--Ibn Taymiyah or Abu Ayyub? Abu Ayyub was a man better than a
whole earth filled with people like Ibn Taymiyah. Ibn Taymiyah and his followers claim they follow
the teachings of Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, yet Imam Ahmad,as well as other Imams, say the opposite of
their claim. 

Imam Ahmad was asked about touching and kissing the minbar of the Prophet for the blessing and
about seeking the blessing by visiting the grave of the Prophet. He responded by saying: "This matter is
not prohibited," as was narrated by ^Abdullah, the son of Imam Ahmad, in his book titled Al­^Ilal wa
Ma^rifat ur-Rijal. Imam Ahmad also said it was a liked thing to make tawassul by the Prophet when
there is drought. Furthermore, Imam Ahmad said that blessings would descend on those present in a
session when the name of Safwan Ibn Sulaym (Safwan Ibn Sulaym was a pious man at the time of
the salaf.) wasmentioned. How can Ibn Taymiyah and his followers claim to follow the school of
Imam Ahmad?Imam Ahmad is in one valley and they are in another valley altogether. 

Sufficient in proving the permissibility of seeking blessings by the traces of the Prophet is the narration
of al-Bayhaqiyy in his book Dala'il an­Nubuwwah. He narrated, with a sahih (A Sahihhadith is one
of the two types of hadith that can be relied upon in deducing judgments. The other type is the hasan
hadith.) chain that Khalid Ibn al-Walid lost a headgear (qalansuwah) he wore during the Battle of
al-Yarmuk. He asked the people to help him find it and they searched repeatedly until it was found.
They saw it was a very old qalansuwah and thought it strange that Khalid Ibn al­Walid was so
insistent on finding it. Khalid Ibn al­Walid told them: "The Prophet performed ^Umrah and then
shaved his head. I rushed with the people to get some of his hair. I got some of the hair from the front
part of his head which I put in this qalansuwah. Every time Iwent into battle with this qalanwuwah,
Allah gave me victory." 

Khalid Ibn Walid, was a great Companion who sought the blessings from the Prophet's hair--hoping
by this Allah would give him victory in his battles. Hewas a great, brave hero, and he never lost a battle
after that. Before the battle of Yarmuk, a Roman leader named Georgeah asked Khalid Ibn al-Walid:
"Did Allah descend a sword from the heaven on your Prophet who gave it to you such that every time
you fight, you win? Is that why they call you 'The Sword of Allah'?" At that, Khalid Ibn
al-Walidinformed him about Islam. Georgeah asked: "What does one get when one embraces your
Religion?" Khalid Ibn al­Walid told him: "He becomes one of us, and Allah forgives all his sins." Then
Georgeah asked: "What does one do to embrace your Religion?" and Khalid Ibn al­Walid taught him
the Testification of Faith (two shahadas.) Georgeah uttered the Testification of Faith, went and made
ghusl, performed two rak^ah and then stood with the Muslim army. He fought in that battle until he
died--and he died as a martyr.

The aforementioned stand as a few of many documented proofs showing that the Prophet, sallallahu
^alayhi wa sallam, taught there is a benefit in seeking blessings (barakah) from the traces of the
Prophets and the righteously pious Muslims and in asking Allah for things by them. Also, it shows this
is the methodology of the Companions, their followers, and those after them among the People of
Knowledge, until our present times. Hence, those who claim what is opposite to that are definitely not
on their path and are following other than their methodology.

We ask Allah humbly to guide us to the right path and to let us die as pious Muslims. 

   Allah knows best


Last updated 1 January 2000 Written and   Designed  By Rafic Adnan  El-saleh
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(C)Copyright 1998 Palestine Oasis. All rights reserved.